Dryland Zone

Asian dryland region includes the large area of arid and semi-arid regions in east Asia and south Asia where is much vulnerable to climate change and human perturbation. In the same time, semi arid East Asian region is the northern of monsoon system. MAIRS Dryland theme research questions are addressed as follows:

  • How does global warming affect the regional climate, water cycle, aridity trend, desertification processes and provision of ecological goods and services over semi-arid Asia ?
  • How do human-induced land cover changes affect the regional climate, water conservation and nutrient-content of the soil, land degradation, the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems and the frequency of dust storms?
  • What are the processes involved in land-atmosphere interactions and how will they change?
  • What will be the global consequence of changing the long distance transport of dust aerosols, such as the carbon cycle in oceans?
  • What are the social and economic consequences of the further deterioration of semi-arid environmental systems, such as concerns related to human health, food and water security and economic development? How does human society adapt to such changes in vulnerability in order to achieve sustainable development of the region?
     

 

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